Giving and taking bribe is not an act of passion but calculations. When there is no penalty for bribing, corruption increases. These are the words of Professor Robert Klitgaard of California in response to corruption in Pakistan. Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) of Pakistan, one of the leading research institute in south Asia accordingly to its initiative program, sponsored and put into practice the symposium of anti-corruption strategy from the civil society perspective in Marriot hotel of Pakistan on Wednesday 20 of March 2013.
Rule of law and constitutional frameworks are the most important factors in fighting against corruption in developing countries. Corruption can be seen in different ways, one of the most common ways of corruption is act of not procurement of services by government to public. Rental media are not only helping but also blocking the disclosure of corruption which is the first step in fight against corruption.
Energy crisis is one of the biggest challenges of the Pakistan government. According to symposium panelists during the last 5 years Pakistan government has spent 1.5 trillion dollars on subsidizing electricity in the country, and still electricity remains as one of the biggest problem of the country. If it was used rationally and accurately we would have build dams; long term and effective investments.
The main concern of scholars, researchers and civil society activities in the developing countries such as Afghanistan and Pakistan is the problem with the anti-corruption commission. The question was raised by one of the researchers; how to make sure anti-corruption commissions remain uncorrupted.
Very careful selection and sense of honor are the two important factors that anti-corruption commission can remain honest. Professor Robert from California of America emphasized on the misunderstanding of the democracy and will of governments. It doesn’t mean that democracy is ineffective if governments are not doing their best.
Sayed Kamal Shah former federal secretary, interior ministry of Pakistan added that fight against corruption is very tough job. It requires lots of efforts; the first step is disclosure of corruption. If you know something in the morning and want to disclose it you will be transfer in the afternoon.
Dr. Kaiser Bengali former adviser to chief minister of Sindh added that politicians are corrupted; when they are getting bribe as gifts they are not considered as corruption. We need transparency, justice and rule of law to fight corruption. He Added, the problem with the corruption in our society is because our survival is on corruption and if we want to eradicate corruption we should break this connectivity first then eradicate corruption.
Mr. Nadeem Iqbal executive coordinator of network for consumer protection explained; there is a co-relation between consumer satisfaction and corruption. If consumers are satisfied they will not complain. The rights of satisfaction are very important to overcome the corruption.
To fight corruption one must take the right steps; preventing, fighting and educating, they are the 3 required steps to fight corruption.
Pakistan Supreme Court already ordered the arrest of country’s prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf in corruption case. But Rehman Malik Pakistan’s interior minister stated “Raja Ashraf is the prime minister and God Willing, he will continue as prime minister.”
Corruption in Pakistan government offices and lower levels of police forces are widespread. According to Transparency international corruption percentage index Pakistan scored 2.5 in 2011 and 2.3 in 2012 out of 10. The more score indicates the less rate of corruption in a country where Pakistan has scored less in 2012 compare to 2011. According to the countries corruption ranking, Pakistan ranked the 34th most corrupted country in the world in 2012.